ZIMBABWE according to the latest Human Development Index report moved six places up into having medium human development from low human development due to progress in health service delivery.
By Kudakwashe Pembere
Countries with very high human development are ranked from number 1 to 62. From 63 to 116 are countries having high human development while those ranked between 117 and 153 are in the medium human development group.
The HDI is a summary measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. A long and healthy life is measured by life expectancy.
Zimbabwe moved up the ladder to be ranked number 150 in 2018 compared to the 2016 figure of 156.
“Zimbabwe has moved six places up on the human development index with the main drivers being health and education,” said UNDP country director Georges van Montfort
UNDP Zimbabwe economic advisor Ojijo Odiambo commended the country for its progress.
“The country has made commendable progress on the basis of the data used to compile the indices. Lets not negate the fact that we continue to face monumental challenges in this country. The beauty is that the challenges are not insurmountable. We have the ideas, we have the institutions and we have the people most importantly. We need more fine grain analysis. We need to go beyond averages. We need to go beyond income. We need to look at the living conditions of the people,” he said.
Between 1990 and 2018, Zimbabwe’s life expectancy at birth increased by 3.1 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.8 years and expected years of schooling increased by 0.7 years.
The adult mortality rate per 1000 people for females was 300 while men were at 362 per 1000 people in 2018 while child malnutrition and stunting (moderate to severe for children under five was at 27, 1 percent.
The current health expenditure in terms of GDP is 9, 4 percent. HIV prevalence stands at 13, 3 percent for ages between 15 and 49 while the TB incidence for the country is at 221 per 100 000 people with Malaria incidence per 1,000 people at risk at 95,2.